CICERONIANA ON LINE
Written in the years 54-52 it is a dialogue
in six books that is imagined to have happened in 129 BC in the villa of Scipio
Aemilianus: for three days the head of household, Laelius, Furius Philus, M'. Manilius and lesser personages converse. The Roman state is immune from degenerations because three fundamental forms coexist in harmony, represented by the institutions of the consulate, the Senate and the popular comitia (books III). The successive books, incomplete joins, deal with the development of the Roman constitution, justice, the figure of the ideal princeps, an authority super partes and not in conflict with the Senate. In the concluding section Scipio Africanus, appearing in a dream to his descendant Scipio Aemilianus, points out to him from the height of the skies, the immortal destiny that attends the just men, the one meritorious of the fatherland.